Bone and
Birth Clinic

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+91 89048 13444

J.P Nagar

Bangalore

Office Hour: 05:00pm - 09:00pm

[email protected]

CANCER SCREENING & MENOPAUSAL CARE

Cancer Screening:
Cancer screening involves the use of tests and examinations to detect cancer in individuals who do not have any symptoms. Regular cancer screening is essential because it can help detect cancer at an early stage when it is more treatable. Here are some common types of cancer screening:

Breast Cancer Screening: Mammograms are the most common screening tool for breast cancer. Women are typically advised to begin mammograms between the ages of 40 and 50, although recommendations may vary depending on individual risk factors and guidelines.

Cervical Cancer Screening: The Pap test (or Pap smear) is used to screen for cervical cancer. It involves collecting cells from the cervix to check for abnormalities. In some cases, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing may also be done alongside or after the Pap test. The frequency and age to start screening may vary depending on guidelines and individual risk factors.

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Colorectal cancer screening can be done through various methods, including colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and stool tests (such as fecal occult blood test or fecal immunochemical test). The recommended age to begin screening and the frequency of screening can vary depending on factors such as family history and individual risk.

Prostate Cancer Screening: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test is commonly used for prostate cancer screening in men. However, there is ongoing debate regarding the benefits and potential harms of routine PSA screening, and guidelines may differ. It is important for men to discuss the potential benefits and risks with their healthcare provider to make an informed decision.

Menopausal Care:

Menopause is a natural biological process that occurs in women, usually in their late 40s or early 50s, when the ovaries stop producing eggs and hormone levels (estrogen and progesterone) decline. Menopausal care focuses on managing the symptoms and health changes associated with menopause. Here are some aspects of menopausal care:

Symptom Management: Menopause can cause various symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood changes, vaginal dryness, and sleep disturbances. Treatment options for symptom management may include lifestyle changes, hormone therapy (estrogen therapy, alone or in combination with progesterone), non-hormonal medications, and complementary therapies. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and individual preferences.

Bone Health: During and after menopause, women are at an increased risk of osteoporosis (bone loss). It is important to focus on maintaining bone health through a combination of regular weight-bearing exercise, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, and, if necessary, medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis.

Cardiovascular Health: Estrogen has a protective effect on the cardiovascular system, and after menopause, women become more susceptible to heart disease. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and managing other risk factors like high blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes.

Regular Check-ups: Menopausal women should continue to have regular check-ups with their healthcare provider. These visits allow for monitoring of overall health, screening for age-appropriate health conditions (such as breast cancer, colon cancer, and heart disease), and discussing any specific concerns or symptoms related to menopause.

It is important to note that individual needs and recommendations may vary, so it is best to consult with a healthcare professional who can provide personalized advice based on your medical history, symptoms, and risk factors.

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